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Vincent's Word Studies, by Marvin R. Vincent, [1886], at

Luke Introduction


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The Gospel According to Luke

Introduction to the Writings of Luke

Legend has been busy with the name of Luke. The Greek Church, in which painting is regarded as a religious art, readily accepted the tradition which represented him as a painter, and the Greek painters carried it into Western Europe. A rude drawing of the Virgin, discovered in the Catacombs, with an inscription to the effect that it was one of seven painted by Luca, confirmed the popular belief that Luke the Evangelist was meant. According to the legend, he carried with him two portraits painted by himself - the one of the Saviour and the other of the Virgin - and by means of these he converted many of the heathen.

When we apply to historical sources, however, we find very little about this evangelist. He never mentions himself by name in the Gospel or in the Acts, and his name occurs in only three passages of the New Testament: Col 4:14; Ti2 4:11, Plm 1:24.

That he was an Asiatic-Greek convert of Antioch, though resting upon no conclusive evidence, is supported by the fact that he gives much information about the church there (Act 11:19, Act 11:30; Act 13:1-3; Act 15:1-3, Act 15:22, Act 15:35); that he traces the origin of the name "Christian" to that city, and that, in enumerating the seven deacons of Jerusalem, he informs us of the Antiochian origin of Nicholas (Act 6:5) without reference to the nationality of any of the others. That he was a physician and the companion of Paul are facts attested by Scripture, though his connection with Paul does not definitely appear before Act 16:10, where he uses the first person plural. He accompanied Paul from Caesarea, through the shipwreck at Malta, to Rome, and remained there until his liberation. Tradition makes him to have died in Greece, and it was believed that his remains were transferred to Constantinople.

It has been assumed that he was a freedman, from the large number of physicians who belonged to that class, the Greeks and Romans being accustomed to educate some of their domestics in the science of medicine, and to grant them freedom in requital of services. Physicians often held no higher rank than slaves, and it has been noticed that contractions in as, like Lucas for Lucanus, were peculiarly common in the names of slaves.

His connection with Paul gave rise in the church, at a very early period, to the opinion that he wrote his Gospel under the superintendence of that apostle. While his preface says nothing about the Pauline sanction of his Gospel, the work, nevertheless, presents remarkable coincidences with Paul's epistles, both in language, ideas, and spirit. The Gospel itself sets forth that conception of Christ's life and work which was the basis of Paul's teaching. He represents the views of Paul, as Mark does of Peter. "There is a striking resemblance between the style of Luke and of Paul, which corresponds to their spiritual sympathy and long intimacy." Some two hundred expressions or phrases may be found which are common to Luke and Paul, and more or less foreign to other New Testament writers. Such, for instance, are:

Luke Paul ἀθετεῖν, reject, Luk 7:30; Luk 10:16. Gal 2:21; Gal 3:15; Th1 4:8 αἰχμαλωτίζειν, lead captive, Luk 21:24. Rom 7:23; Co2 10:5 ἀνάγκη, Luk 14:18; in the phrase ἔχω ἀνάγκην, I must needs. Co1 7:37 In the sense of distress, Luk 21:23. Co1 7:26; Co2 6:4 :; Co2 12:10; Th1 3:7, and not elsewhere. ἀνακρίνειν, to examine judicially, Luk 23:14; Act 12:19; Act 28:18. Co1 2:15; Co1 4:3; Co1 9:3; ten times in all in that epistle. ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν, from henceforth, Luk 1:48; Luk 5:10; Luk 12:52; Luk 22:69. Co2 5:16. ἀπ' αἰῶνος, since the world began, Luk 1:70; Act 3:21; Act 15:18. Col 1:26; Eph 3:9. ἐγκακεῖν, to faint, Luk 18:1. Co2 4:1, Co2 4:16; Gal 6:9; Eph 3:13; Th2 3:13. διερμηνεύειν, expound or interpret, Luk 24:27; Act 9:36. Co1 12:30; Co1 14:5, Co1 14:13, Co1 14:27. ἐνδύσασθαι, endue, clothe, Luk 24:49, in the moral sense. Rom 13:12, Rom 13:14 :; Co1 15:53; Co2 5:3, etc. εἰ μήτι, except, Luk 9:13. Co1 7:5; Co2 13:5. ἐπιφαίνειν, to give light, shine, Luk 1:79; Act 27:20. Tit 2:11; Tit 3:4. καταργεῖν, cumber, Luk 13:7. Rom 3:3, make without effect; make void; destroy; do away; bring to naught; twenty-six times in Paul. μεγαλύνειν, exalt, magnify, Luk 1:46, Luk 1:58; Act 5:13; Act 10:46; Act 19:17. Co2 10:15; Phi 1:20. Both are fond of words characterizing the freedom and universality of gospel salvation. For example, χάρις, grace, favor, occurs eight times in the Gospel, sixteen in the Acts, and ninety-five in Paul. Ἔλεος mercy, six times in the Gospel and ten in Paul. Πίστις faith, twenty-seven times in the Gospel and Acts, and everywhere in Paul. Compare, also, δικαιοσύνἠ, righteousness ; δίκαιος, righteous; πνεῦμα ἅγιον, Holy Spirit; γνῶσις, knowledge.

They agree in their report of the institution of the Lord's Supper, both giving "This cup is the new covenant in my blood," for "This is my blood of the new covenant," and both adding, "in remembrance of me."

A few of the numerous instances of parallelism of thought and expression may also be cited:

Luke Paul Luk 4:22 Col 4:6; Eph 4:29 Luk 4:32 Co1 2:4 Luk 6:36 Co2 1:3; Rom 12:1 Luk 6:39 Rom 2:19 Luk 6:48 Co1 3:10 Luk 8:15 Col 1:10, Col 1:11 Luk 9:56 Co2 10:8 Luk 10:8 Co1 10:27 Luk 10:20 Phi 4:3 Luk 10:21 Co1 1:19, Co1 1:27 Luk 11:41 Tit 1:15 Luk 12:35 Eph 6:14 Luk 20:17, Luk 20:18 Rom 9:33 Luke's long residence in Greece makes it probable that he had Greek readers especially in mind. The same humanitarian and Gentile character of his writings, as distinguished from Jewish writings, appears in the Acts as in the Gospel. Of the Acts, although attempts have been made to assign its composition to Timothy and to Silas, and to identify Silas with Luke, the universal testimony of the ancient church, no less than the identity of style, declare Luke to be the author. About fifty words not found elsewhere in the New Testament are common to both books.

From a purely literary point of view Luke's Gospel has been pronounced, even by Renan, to be the most beautiful book ever written. He says: "The Gospel of Luke is the most literary of the gospels. Everywhere there is revealed a spirit large and sweet; wise, temperate, sober, and reasonable in the irrational. Its exaggerations, its inconsistencies, its improbabilities, are true to the very nature of parable, and constitute its charm. Matthew rounds a little the rough outlines of Mark. Luke does better: he writes. He displays a genuine skill in composition. His book is a beautiful narrative, well contrived, at once Hebraic and Hellenic, uniting the emotion of the drama with the serenity of the idyl....A spirit of holy infancy, of joy, of fervor, the gospel feeling in its primitive freshness, diffuse all over the legend an incomparably sweet coloring."

Luke is the best writer of Greek among the evangelists. His construction is rhythmical, his vocabulary rich and well selected, considerably exceeding that of the other evangelists. He uses over seven hundred words which occur nowhere else in the New Testament. He substitutes classical words for many which are used by Matthew and Mark, as λίμνη, lake, for θάλασσα, sea, when describing the lake of Galilee. He uses three distinct words for bed in the description of the healing of the paralytic (Luk 5:18), avoiding the vulgar κράββατος of Mark. The latter word, it is true, occurs in two passages in the Acts (Act 5:15; Act 9:33), but both these passages are Petrine. So, too, we find ἐπιστάτης master, instead of Rabbi; νομικοί, lawyers, for γραμματεῖς, scribes; ναὶ ἀληθῶς, ἐπ' ἀληθείας yea, truly, of a truth, for ἀμήν, verily; φόρος, tribute, for the Latin form, κῆνσος census. He uses several Latin words, as δηνάριον, denarius λεγεών, legion; σουδάριον, napkin; ἀσσάριον, farthing, though he avoids κοδράντης, farthing, in Luk 21:2 (compare Mar 12:42); μόδιος, bushel. He is less Hebraic than the other evangelists, except in the first two chapters - the history of the infancy - which he derived probably from Aramaic traditions or documents, and where his language has a stronger Hebrew coloring than any other portion of the New Testament. "The songs of Zacharias, Elizabeth, Mary, and Simeon, and the anthem of the angelic host, are the last of Hebrew psalms, as well as the first of Christian hymns. They can be literally translated back into the Hebrew without losing their beauty" (Schaff).

His style is clear, animated, picturesque, and unpretentious. Where he describes events on the authority of others, his manner is purely historical; events which have come under his own observation he treats in the minute and circumstantial style of an eye-witness. Compare, for instance, the detailed narrative of the events at Philippi with that of the occurrences at Thessalonica. The change of style at Act 16:10, from the historical to the personal narrative, coincides with the time of his joining Paul at the first visit to Macedonia, and a similar change may be noted at Act 20:4-6.

But the style of Luke also acquires a peculiar flavor from his profession. His language, both in the Gospel and in the Acts, indicates a familiarity with the terms used by the Greek medical schools, and furnishes an incidental confirmation of the common authorship of the two books. As we have seen, Luke was probably a Greek of Asia Minor; and, with the exception of Hippocrates, all the extant Greek medical writers were Asiatic Greeks. Hippocrates, indeed, can hardly be called an exception, as he was born and lived in the island of Cos, off the coast of Caria. Galen was of Pergamus in Mysia; Dioscorides, of Anazarba in Cilicia; and Aretaeus, of Cappadocia.

The medical peculiarities of Luke's style appear, first, in words and phrases used in descriptions of diseases or of miracles of healing. His terms are of the technical character peculiar to a medical man. Thus, in the account of the healing of Simon's wife's mother (Luk 4:38, Luk 4:39), we read that she was taken (συνεχομένη) with a great fever (πυρετῷ μεγάλῳ). The word taken is used nine times by Luke, and only three times in the rest of the New Testament. It occurs frequently in this sense in the medical writers, as does also the simple verb ἔχω, to have or hold. Moreover, according to Galen, the ancient physicians were accustomed to distinguish between great and little fevers. In the parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Luk 16:19-26), we find εἱλκωμένος, full of sores, the regular medical term for to be ulcerated: ὀδυνῶμαι, to be in pain, occurs four times in Luke's writings, and nowhere else in the New Testament, but frequently in Galen, Aretaeus, and Hippocrates. Ἐξέψυξε, gave up the ghost (Act 5:5, Act 5:10), is a rare word, used by Luke only, and occurring only three times in the New Testament. It seems to be almost confined to medical writers, and to be used rarely even by them. In the proverb of "the camel and the needle's eye," Matthew and Mark use for needle the vulgar word ῥαφίς, while Luke alone uses βελόνη, the surgical needle.

These terms will be pointed out in the notes as they occur. Second, the ordinary diction of the evangelist, when dealing with unprofessional subjects, has often a medical flavor, which asserts itself in words peculiar to him, or more common in his writings than elsewhere in the New Testament, and all of which were in common use among the Greek physicians. Thus Matthew (Mat 23:4) says that the scribes and Pharisees will not move (κινῆσαι) the burdens they impose, with one of their fingers. Luke, recording a similar saying (Luk 11:46), says, "ye yourselves touch (προσψαύετε) not the burdens," using a technical term for gently feeling the pulse, or a sore or tender part of the body. The word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. "No mean city" (ἄσημος, Act 21:39). The word mean, peculiar to this passage, is the professional term for a disease without distinctive symptoms, and is applied by Hippocrates to a city. "Delivered the letter" (ἀναδόντες, Act 23:33). The verb occurs only here in the New Testament, and is a medical term for the distribution of blood through the veins, or of nourishment through the body. Hippocrates uses it of a messenger delivering a letter. In the parable of the sower, Matthew and Mark have ῥίζαν, "they have no root." Luke (Luk 8:6) has ίκμάδα, moisture, the medical term for the juices of the body, of plants, and of the earth. In the same parable, for sprung up Matthew and Mark have ἐξανέτειλε, while Luke has φυὲν - συμφυεῖσαι (Luk 8:6, Luk 8:7), it grew - grew with it (Rev.). These latter words are used by medical writers to describe the growth of parts of the body, of diseases, of vegetation, etc. Hippocrates uses together ἱκμάς, moisture, and φύεσθαι, to grow, comparing the juices of the body with those of the earth. Συμφύεσθαι, to grow together, was the professional word for the closing of wounds and ulcers, the uniting of nerves and of bones, and is used by Dioscorides precisely as here, of plants growing together in the same place.

Such peculiarities, so far from being strange or anomalous, are only what might naturally be expected. It is an every-day fact that the talk of specialists, whether in the professions or in mechanics, when it turns upon ordinary topics, unconsciously takes form and color from their familiar calling.

The attempt has been made to show that Paul's style was influenced by Luke in this same direction; so that his intercourse with his companion and physician showed itself in his use of certain words having a medical flavor. Dean Plumptre cites as illustrations of this, ὑγιαίνειν, to be healthy, in its figurative application to doctrine as wholesome or sound (Ti1 1:10; Ti1 6:3; Ti2 1:13): γάγγραινα, canker (Ti2 2:17): τυφωθεὶς, lifted up with pride; Rev., puffed up (Ti1 3:6; Ti1 6:4): κεκαυτηριασμένων, seared; Rev., branded (Ti1 4:2): κνηθόμενοι, itching (Ti2 4:3): ἀποκόψονται, cut themselves off (Gal 5:12).

Luke is also circumstantial, as well as technical, in his descriptions of diseases; noting their duration and symptoms, and the stages of the patient's recovery, etc. See Act 3:1-8; Act 9:40, Act 9:41. The successive stages of Elymas' blindness are noted at Act 13:11; and the process of Saul's restoration to sight at Act 9:18. He also exhibits traces of professional sensitiveness, as in his omission of Mark's implied reflection upon the physicians who had treated the woman with the issue of blood (Luk 8:43; Mar 5:26).

Luke's accurate observation and memory appear especially in the Acts, in his allusions, and in his descriptions of nautical and political matters. With nautical details, he exhibits the acquaintance often displayed by a landsman who has been much at sea and in frequent intercourse with seamen. It has been conjectured that at some period of his professional life he may have served as a surgeon on shipboard. In his political allusions he is precise in the use of terms. Thus, in Act 13:7, his accuracy in naming the civil magistrates is noteworthy. He speaks of Sergius Paulus as the proconsul of Cyprus. Consuls were called by the Greeks ὕπατοι; and hence a proconsul was ἀνθύπατος, one who acts instead of (ἀντὶ) a consul. Roman provinces were of two classes, senatorial and imperial; and the proper title of the governor of a senatorial province was ἀνθύπατος. The governor of an imperial province was called ἀντιστράτηγος, propraetor. Evidently, therefore, Luke regarded Cyprus as a senatorial province, governed by a proconsul; and we find that Augustus, though at first he reserved Cyprus for himself, and consequently governed it by a propraetor, afterward restored it to the senate and governed it by a proconsul - a fact confirmed by coins of the very time of Paul's visit to Cyprus, bearing the name of the emperor Claudius, and of the provincial governor, with the title ἀνθύπατος. So Luke speaks of Gallio (Act 18:12)as proconsul (A. V., deputy) of Achaia, which was a senatorial province. When he comes to Felix or Festus, who were only deputy-governors of the propraetor of Syria, he calls them by the general term ἡγεμών, governor (Act 23:24; Act 26:30). Similarly accurate is his designation of Philippi as a colonia (Act 16:12), and his calling its magistrates στρατηγοί or praetors, a title which they were fond of giving themselves. So the city authorities of Thessalonica are styled πολιτάρχαι, rulers of the city (Act 17:8); for Thessalonica was a free city, having the right of self-government, and where the local magistrates had the power of life and death over the citizens. Luke's accuracy on this point is borne out by an inscription on an archway in Thessalonica, which gives this title to the magistrates of the place, together with their number - seven - and the very names of some who held the office not long before Paul's time. This short inscription contains six names which are mentioned in the New Testament. We may also note the Asiarchs, chiefs of, Asia, at Ephesus (Act 19:31), who, like the aediles at Rome, defrayed the charge of public amusements, and were, as presidents of the games, invested with the character of priests.

A similar accuracy appears in the Gospel in the dates of more important events, and in local descriptions, as of the Lord's coming to Jerusalem across the Mount of Olives (Luk 19:37-41). Here he brings out the two distinct views of Jerusalem on this route, an irregularity in the ground hiding it for a time after one has just caught sight of it. Verse Luk 19:37 marks the first sight, and Luk 19:41 the second.

In the narrative of the voyage and shipwreck, the precision of detail is remarkable. Thus there are fourteen verbs denoting the progression of a ship, with a distinction indicating the peculiar circumstances of the ship at the time. Seven of these are compounds of πλέω, to sail. Thus we have ἀπέπλευσαν, sailed away (Act 13:4); βραδυπλοοῦντες, sailing slowly (Act 27:7); ὑπεπλεύσαμεν, sailed under (the lee). So, also, παραλεγόμενοι, hardly passing (Act 27:8); εὐθυδρομήσαμεν, ran with a straight course (Act 16:11), etc. Note also the technical terms for lightening the ship by throwing overboard the cargo: ἐκβολὴν ἐποιοῦντὄ; literally, made a casting out (Act 27:19); ἐκούφιζον, lightened (Act 27:38); and the names of various parts of the vessel.

Luke's Gospel is the gospel of contrasts. Thus Satan is constantly emphasized over against Jesus, as binding a daughter of Abraham; as cast down from heaven in Jesus' vision; as entering into Judas; as sifting Peter. The evangelist portrays the doubting Zacharias and the trusting Mary; the churlish Simon and the loving sinner; the bustling Martha and the quiet, adoring Mary; the thankful and the thankless lepers; the woes added to the blessings in the Sermon on the Mount; the rich man and Lazarus; the Pharisee and the Publican; the good Samaritan and the priest and Levite; the prodigal and his elder brother; the penitent and impenitent thieves.

Luke's is the universal gospel. His frequent use of words expressing the freedom and universality of the Gospel has already been noted. His Gospel is for the Gentiles. The genealogy of Christ is traced back to the common father of the race, Adam, instead of to Abraham, the father of the Jewish nation, as by Matthew. He records the enrolment of Christ as a citizen of the Roman empire. Simeon greets him as a light for revelation to the Gentiles. The Baptist cites concerning him Isaiah's prophecy that all flesh shall see the salvation of God. Luke alone records the mission of the seventy, who represent the seventy Gentile nations, as the twelve represent the twelve tribes of Israel. He alone mentions the mission of Elijah to the heathen widow, and Naaman's cleansing by Elisha. He contrasts the gratitude of the one Samaritan leper with the thanklessness of the nine Jewish lepers. He alone records the refusal to call down fire on the inhospitable Samaritans, and the parable of the Good Samaritan is peculiar to him. He notes the commendation of the humble Publican in contrast with the self- righteous Pharisee, and relates how Jesus abode with Zacchaeus. He omits all reference to the law in the Sermon on the Mount. Luke's is the gospel of the poor and outcast. As a phase of its universality, the humblest and most sinful are shown as not excluded from Jesus. The highest heavenly honor is conferred on the humble Mary of Nazareth. Only in Luke's story do we hear the angels' song of "Peace and good-will," and see the simple shepherds repairing to the manger at Bethlehem. It is Luke who gives the keynote of Keble's lovely strain:

"The pastoral spirits first

Approach thee, Babe divine,

For they in lowly thoughts are nurs'd,

Meet for thy lowly shrine:

Sooner than they should miss where thou dost dwell,

Angels from heaven will stoop to guide them to thy cell."

He pictures poor Lazarus in Abraham's bosom, and the calling of the poor and maimed and halt and blind to the great supper. It is the gospel of the publican, the harlot, the prodigal, the penitent thief.

Luke's is the gospel of womanhood. Woman comes prominently into view as discerning God's promises. The songs of Mary and Elizabeth, and the testimony of Anna, are full of a clear spiritual perception, no less than of a living and simple faith. She appears as ministering to the Lord and as the subject of his ministries. Mary of Magdala, Joanna, Susanna, Mary and Martha, with others, lavish upon him their tender care; while the daughter of Abraham whom Satan had bound, the sorrowful mother at Nain, she who touched the heat of his garment, and the weeping daughters of Jerusalem on the road to Calvary knew the comfort of his words and the healing and life-giving virtue of his touch. The word γυνὴ, woman, occurs in Matthew and Mark together forty-nine times, and in Luke alone forty-three. "He alone," says Canon Farrar, "preserves the narratives, treasured with delicate reserve and holy reticence in the hearts of the blessed Virgin and of the saintly Elizabeth - narratives which show in every line the pure and tender coloring of a woman's thoughts."

Luke's is the prayer-gospel. To him we are indebted for the record of our Lord's prayers at his baptism; after the cleansing of the leper; before the call of the twelve; at his transfiguration; and on the cross for his enemies. To him alone belong the prayer-parables of the Friend at Midnight, and the Unjust Judge.

Luke's is the gospel of song. He has been justly styled "the first Christian hymnologist." To him we owe the Benedictus, the song of Zacharias; the Magnificat, the song of Mary; the Nunc Dimittis, the song of Simeon; the Ave Maria, or the angel's salutation; and the Gloria in Excelsis, the song of the angels.

And, finally, Luke's is the gospel of infancy. He alone tells the story of the birth of John the Baptist; he gives the minuter details of the birth of Christ, and the accounts of his circumcision and presentation in the temple, his subjection to his parents and the questioning with the doctors. His Gospel "sheds a sacred halo and celestial charm over infancy, as perpetuating the paradise of innocence in a sinful world. The first two chapters will always be the favorite chapters for children, and all who delight to gather around the manger of Bethlehem, and to rejoice with shepherds in the field and angels in heaven" (Schaff).

List of Greek Words Used by Luke Only

ἀγκάλη arm Luk 2:28 ἁγνισμός purification Act 21:26 ἄγνωστος unknown Act 17:23 ἀγοραῖος pertaining to the market-place, base Act 17:5 ἀγοραῖοι court-days Act 19:38 ἄγρα draught Luk 5:4, Luk 5:9 ἀγράμματος unlearned Act 4:13 ἀγραυλέω abide in the field Luk 2:8 ἀγωνία agony Luk 22:44 αἰσθάνομαι perceive Luk 9:45 αἰτίαμα complaint Act 25:7 αἴτιον fault Luk 23:4, Luk 23:14, Luk 23:22; Act 19:40 αἰχμάλωτος captive Luk 4:18, Luk 4:19 ἀκατάκριτος uncondemned Act 16:37; Act 22:25 ἀκρίβεια exactness, perfect manner Act 22:3 ἀκριβέστατος most strict Act 26:5 ἀκριβέστερον more perfect Act 18:26; Act 23:15, Act 23:20; Act 24:22 ἀκροατήριον place of hearing Act 25:23 ἀκωλύτως without hindrance Act 28:31 ἀλίσγημα pollution Act 15:20 ἀλλογενής stranger Luk 17:18 ἀλλόφυλος of another nation Act 10:28 ἀμάρτυρος without witness Act 14:17 ἀμπελουργός dresser of the vineyard Luk 13:7 ἀμύνομαι defend Act 7:24 ἀναβαθμός stair Act 21:35, Act 21:40 ἀναβάλλομαι put off, defer Act 24:22 ἀνάβλεψις recovering of sight Luk 4:18 ἀναβολή delay Act 25:17 ἀναγνωρίζομαι to be made known Act 7:13 ἀναδεικνυμι appoint, shew Luk 10:1; Act 1:24 ἀνάδειξις shewing Luk 1:80 ἀναδίδωμι deliver Act 23:33 ἀναζητέω seek Luk 2:44; Act 11:25 ἀνάθημα gift, offering Luk 21:5 ἀναίδεια importunity Luk 11:8 ἀναίρεσις death Act 8:1; Act 22:20 ἀνακαθίζω set up Luk 7:15; Act 9:40 ἀνάκρισις examination Act 25:26 ἀνάληψις taking up Luk 9:51 ἀναντίῤῥήτος not to be spoken against Act 19:36 ἀναντιῤῥήτως without gainsaying Act 10:29 ἀναπείζω persuade Act 18:13 ἀναπτύσσω open, unroll Luk 4:17 ἀνασκευάζω subvert Act 15:24 ἀνασπάω pull or draw up Luk 14:5; Act 11:10 ἀνατάσσομαι set forth in order Luk 1:1 ἀνατρέφω nourish up Act 7:20, Act 7:21 Act 22:3 ἀναφαίνω bring to light, appear, to sight Luk 19:11; Act 21:3 ἀναφωνέω speak out Luk 1:42 ἀνάψυξις refreshing Act 3:19 ἀνἔκλειπτος that faileth not Luk 12:33 ἀνένδεκτον impossible Luk 17:1 ἀνετάζω examine Act 22:24, Act 22:29 ἀνεύζετος not commodious Act 27:12 ἀνευρίσκω find Luk 2:16; Act 21:4 ἀνθομολογέομαι give thanks Luk 2:38 ἀνθυπατεύω to be deputy or proconsul Act 18:12 ἀνθύπατος deputy, proconsul Act 13:7, Act 13:8, Act 13:12; Act 19:38 ἀνοικοδομέω build again Act 15:16 ἀντεῖπον gainsay Luk 21:15; Act 4:14 ἀντιβάλλω exchange, have one to another Luk 24:17 ἀντικαλέω bid again in return Luk 14:12 ἀντικρύ over against Act 20:15 ἀντιπαρέρχομαι pass by on the other side Luk 10:31, Luk 10:32 ἀντιπέραν over against Luk 8:26 ἀντιπίπτω resist Act 7:51 ἀντοφθαλμέω bear up into (into the eye of) Act 27:15 ἀνωτερικός upper Act 19:1 ἀπαιτέω ask again, require Luk 6:30; Luk 12:20 ἀπαρτισμός finishing Luk 14:28 ἀπεῖμι go (away) Act 17:10 ἀπελαύνω drive away Act 18:16 ἀπελεγμός refutation, contempt Act 19:27 ἀπελπίζω hope for in return Luk 6:35 ἀπερίτμητος uncircumcised Act 7:51 ἀπογραφή taxing (enrolment) Luk 2:2; Act 5:37 ἀποδέχομαι receive Luk 8:40; Act 2:41; Act 15:4; Act 18:27; Act 24:3; Act 28:30 ἀποθλίβω press Luk 8:45 ἀποκατάστασις restitution Act 3:21 ἀποκλείω shut to Luk 13:25 ἀπομάσσομαι wipe off Luk 10:11 ἀποπίπτω fall from Act 9:18 ἀποπλέω sail away Act 13:4; Act 14:26; Act 20:15; Act 27:1 ἀπορία perplexity Luk 21:25 ἀποῤῥίπτω cast Act 27:43 ἀποστοματίζω provoke to speak Luk 11:53 ἀποτινάσσω shake off Luk 9:5;.Act 28:5 ἀποφθέγγομαι speak forth Act 2:4, Act 2:14; Act 26:25 ἀποφορτίζομαι unlade Act 21:3 ἀποψύχω fail at heart Luk 21:26 ἅπτω to light Luk 8:16; Luk 11:33; Luk 15:8; Luk 22:55 ἀπωθέομαι put away from Act 13:46 ἀργυροκόπος silversmith Act 19:24 ἀρήν (ἀρνός, ἀμνός) lamb Luk 10:3 ἄροτρον plough Luk 9:62 ἀρτέμων mainsail Act 27:40 ἀρχιερατικός of the high-priest Act 4:6 ἀρχιτελώνης chief among the publicans Luk 19:2 ἄσημος mean, undistinguished Act 21:39 ἀσιτία abstinence Act 27:21 ἄσιτος fasting Act 27:33 ἀσκέω to exercise Act 24:16 ἀσμένως gladly Act 2:41; Act 21:17 ἆσσον close by, nearer Act 27:13 ἀστράπτω to lighten (of lightning) Luk 17:24; Luk 24:1 ἀσύμφωνος not agreeing Act 28:25 ἀσώτως wastefully, unsavingly Luk 15:13 ἄτεκνος without children Luk 20:28, Luk 20:29, Luk 20:30 ἄτερ in the absence of, without Luk 22:6, Luk 22:35 αὐγή break of day Act 20:11 αὐστηρός austere Luk 19:21, Luk 19:22 αὐτόπτης eye-witness Luk 1:2 αὐτόχειρ with one's own hands Act 27:19 ἄφαντος vanished out of sight Luk 24:31 ἀφελότης singleness Act 2:46 ἄφιξις departure Act 20:29 ἄφνω suddenly Act 2:2; Act 16:26; Act 28:6 ἀφρός foaming Luk 9:39 ἀφυπνόω fall asleep Luk 8:23 ἀχλύς mist Act 13:11 βαθύνω deepen, make deep Luk 6:48 βαλάντιον purse Luk 10:4; Luk 12:33; Luk 22:35, Luk 22:36 βασίλεια royal mansion, king's court Luk 7:25 βάσις foot Act 3:7 βάτος measure Luk 16:6 βαλόνη needle Luk 18:25 βία violence Act 5:26; Act 21:35; Act 24:7; Act 27:41 βίαιος mighty Act 2:2 βίωσις manner of life Act 26:4 βολή a throw, cast Luk 22:41 βολίζω to sound (with a lead) Act 27:28 βουνός hill Luk 3:5; Luk 23:30 βραδυπλοέω sail slowly Act 27:7 βρύχω gnash Act 7:54 βρώσιμος meat Luk 24:41 βυρσεύς tanner Act 9:43; Act 10:6, Act 10:32 βωμός altar Act 17:23 γάζα treasure Act 8:27 γελάω laugh Luk 6:21, Luk 6:25 γερουσία senate Act 5:21 γῆρας old age Luk 1:36 γλεῦκος new or sweet wine Act 2:18 γνώστης expert Act 26:3 δακτύλιος ring Luk 15:22 δανειστής creditor Luk 7:41 δαπάνη cost Luk 14:28 δεισιδαιμονέστερος very religious Act 17:22 δεισιδαιμονία religiousness Act 25:19 δεξιολάβος spearman Act 23:28 δεσμέω to bind Luk 8:29 δεσμοφύλαξ jailer Act 16:23, Act 16:27, Act 16:36 δεσμώτης prisoner Act 27:1, Act 27:4, Act 27:2 δευτεραῖος on the second day Act 28:13 δευτερόπρωτος second after the first Luk 6:1 δημηγορέω make an oration Act 12:21 δῆμος people Act 12:22; Act 17:5; Act 19:30, Act 19:33 δημόσιος public, open Act 5:18; Act 16:37; Act 18:28; Act 20:20 διαβάλλομαι to be accused Luk 16:1 διαγινώσκω judge, determine Act 23:15; Act 24:22 διάγνωσις decision Act 25:21 διαγογγύζω murmur Luk 15:2; Luk 19:7 διαγρηγορέω to keep awake, or be fully awake Luk 9:32 διαδέχομαι receive by succession Act 7:45 διάδοχος successor Act 24:27 διακατελέγχομαι convince Act 18:28 διακούομαι hear (a cause) Act 23:35 διαλαλέω noise abroad, converse Luk 1:65; Luk 6:11 διαλείπω cease Luk 7:45 διάλεκτος tongue, dialect Act 1:19; Act 2:6, Act 2:8; Act 21:10; Act 22:2; Act 26:14 διαλύομαι to be scattered Act 5:36 διαμάχομαι strive Act 23:9 διαμερισμός division Luk 12:51 διανέμομαι to be spread abroad Act 4:17 διανεύω to beckon Luk 1:21 διανόημα thought Luk 11:17 διανυκτερεύω continue all night Luk 6:12 διανύω finish Act 21:7 διαπλέω sail over Act 27:5 διαπονέομαι to be grieved Act 4:2; Act 16:18 διαπορέω to be perplexed Luk 9:7; Luk 24:4; Act 2:12; Act 5:24; Act 10:17 διαπραγματεύομαι gain by trading Luk 19:15 διαπρίομαι to be cut to the heart; lit., sawn Act 5:33; Act 7:54 διασείω do violence Luk 3:14 διασπείρω scatter abroad Act 8:1, Act 8:4 :; Act 11:19 διάστημα space Act 5:7 διαταράττω to trouble Luk 1:29 διατελέω to continue Act 27:33 διατηρέω to keep Luk 2:51; Act 15:29 διαφεύγω to escape Act 27:42 διαφθορά corruption Act 2:27, Act 2:31; Act 13:34, Act 13:35, Act 13:36, Act 13:37 διαφυλάττω keep Luk 4:10 διαχειρίζομαι slay Act 5:30; Act 26:21 διαχλευάζω mock Act 2:13 διαχωρίζομαι depart Luk 9:33 διερωτάω make inquiry Act 10:17 διετία two years Act 24:27; Act 28:30 διηγησις declaration Luk 1:1 διαθάλασσος where two seas meet A. 27: 41 διΐ́στημι separate, intervene, put a space between Luk 22:59; Luk 24:51; Act 27:28 διΐσχυρίζομαι confidently affirm Luk 22:59; Act 12:15 δικαστής judge Luk 12:14; Act 7:27, Act 7:35 διοδεύω go throughout Luk 8:1; Act 17:1 διοπετής fallen from Jupiter Act 19:35 διόρθωμα a setting right Act 24:3 δούλη handmaid Luk 1:38, Luk 1:48; Act 2:18 δοχή feast, reception Luk 5:29; Luk 14:13 δραχμή drachma Luk 15:8, Luk 15:9 δυσεντερία dysentery Act 28:8 δωδεκάφυλον the twelve tribes (collective) Act 26:7 ἑβδομήκοντα seventy Luk 10:1, Luk 10:17; Act 7:14 :; Act 23:28; Act 27:37 ἑβραΐκός Hebraic Luk 23:38 ἑβραΐς Hebrew Act 21:40; Act 22:2; Act 26:14 : ἐγκάθετος spy Luk 20:20 ἔγκλημα charge Act 23:29; Act 25:16 ἔγκυος great with child Luk 2:5 ἐδαφίζω lay even with the ground Luk 19:44 ἔδαφος ground Act 22:7 ἐθίζω to accustom Luk 2:27 εἰσκαλέω call in Act 10:28 εἰσπηδάω spring in Act 14:14; Act 16:29 εἰστρέχω run in Act 12:14 ἑκατοντάρχης centurion Act 10:1, Act 10:22; Act 24:23; Act 27:1 ἐκβολή casting out Act 27:18 ἐκγαμίσκομαι to be given in marriage Luk 20:34, Luk 20:35 ἐκδιηγἔομαι declare Act 13:41; Act 15:3 ἔκδοτος delivered Act 2:23 ἐκεῖσε thither Act 21:3; Act 22:5 ἔκθαμβος greatly wondering Act 3:11 ἔκθετος exposed Act 7:19 ἐκκολυμβάω swim out Act 27:4 :2 ἐκκομίζομαι to be carried out Luk 7:12 ἐκκρέμαμαι to hang upon, be attentive Luk 19:4 :8 ἐκλαλέω tell Act 23:22 ἐκμυκτηρίζω deride Luk 16:14; Luk 23:35 ἐκπέμπω send forth Act 13:4; Act 17:10 ἐκπλέω sail forth Act 15:39; Act 18:18; Act 20:6 ἐκπληρόω fulfil Act 13:33 ἐκπλήρωσις accomplishment Act 21:26 ἐκταράσσω exceedingly trouble Act 16:20 ἐκτελέω finish Luk 14:29, Luk 14:30 ἐκτένεια intensity Act 26:7 ἐκτενέστερον more earnestly Luk 22:44 ἐκτίζημι cast out, set forth, expound Act 7:21; Act 11:4; Act 18:26; Act 28:23 ἐκχωρέω depart out Luk 21:21 ἐκψύχω give up the ghost Act 5:5, Act 5:10; Act 12:23 ἐλαίων of olives, Olivet Act 1:12 ἔλευσις coming Act 7:52 ἑλκόομαι to be ulcerated Luk 16:20 ἐμβάλλω cast into Luk 12:5 ἐυβιβάζω cause to enter Act 27:6 ἐμμαίνομαι to be mad Act 26:11 ἐμπιπλάω fill Act 14:17 ἐμπνέω breathe Act 9:1 ἔναντι before Luk 1:8 ἐνδεής needy Act 4:34 ἐνδέχεται it is admissible or possible Luk 13:33 ἐνδιδύσκομαι to be clothed Luk 8:27; Luk 16:19 ἐνεδρα a lying in wait Act 23:16; Act 25:3 ἐνεδρεύω to lie in wait Luk 11:54; Luk 23:21 ἔνειμι to be in (ye have) Luk 11:41 ἐνισχύω to strengthen Luk 22:43; Act 9:19 ἐννέα nine Luk 17:17 ἐνεός speechless Act 9:7 ἐννεύω make signs Luk 1:62 ἐντόπιος belonging to a place Act 21:12 ἐνύπνιον dream Act 2:17 ἐνωτίζομαι hearken Act 2:14 ἐξαιτέομαι to desire Luk 22:31 ἐξάλλομαι leap up Act 3:8 ἐξαστράπτω to be glistering Luk 9:29 ἔξειμι depart Act 13:42; Act 17:15; Act 20:7; Act 27:43 ἑξῆς next (day) Luk 7:11; Luk 9:37; Act 21:1; Act 25:17; Act 27:18 ἐξολοθρεύομαι to be destroyed Act 3:23 ἐξορκιστής exorcist Act 19:13 ἐξοχή eminence Act 25:23 ἔξυπνος out of sleep, awakened Act 16:27 ἐξώθω drive out Act 7:45; Act 27:39 ἐπαζριόζομαι to be gathered thickly together Luk 11:29 ἐπαιτέω to beg Luk 16:3 ἐπακροάομαι to listen Act 16:25 ἐπάναγκες necessary Act 15:28 ἐπανέρχομαι to return Luk 10:35; Luk 19:15 ἐπαρχία province Act 23:34; Act 25:1 ἔπαυλις habitation Act 1:20 ἐπεγείρω stir up Act 13:50; Act 14:2 ἐπειδήπερ forasmuch Luk 1:1 ἐπέκεινα beyond Act 7:43 ἐπιβιβάζω to set upon Luk 10:34; Luk 19:35; Act 23:24 ἐπιβοάω to cry out upon Act 25:24 ἐπιβουλή plot Act 9:24; Act 20:3, Act 20:19; Act 23:30 ἐπιγίνομαι spring up, arise Act 28:13 ἐπιδημέω to dwell as a stranger Act 2:10; Act 17:21 ἐπικουρία help Act 26:22 ἐπικρίνω give sentence Luk 23:24 ἐπιλείχω lick Luk 16:21 ἐπιμέλεια care Act 27:3 ἐπιμελῶς diligently Act 15:8 ἐπινεύω to consent Act 18:20 ἐπίνοια thought Act 8:22 ἐπιοῦσα next (day) Act 7:26; Act 16:11; Act 20:15; Act 21:18; Act 23:11 ἐπιπορεύομαι to come to Luk 8:4 ἐπισιτισμός victuals Luk 9:12 ἐπισκευάζω to prepare baggage Act 21:15 ἐπίστασις a stirring up Act 24:12 ἐπιστάτης master Luk 5:5; Luk 8:24, Luk 8:45; Luk 9:33, Luk 9:49; Luk 17:13 ἐπιστηρίζω confirm Act 14:22; Act 15:32, Act 15:41; Act 18:23 ἐπιστροφή conversion Act 15:3 ἐπισφαλής dangerous Act 27:9 ἐπισχύω to grow stronger, become more vehement Luk 23:5 ἐπιτροπή commission Act 26:12 ἐπιφανής notable Act 2:20 ἐπιφωνέω cry upon or against Luk 23:21; Act 12:22; Act 22:24 ἐπιχειρέω take in hand Luk 1:1; Act 9:29; Act 19:13 ἐπιχέω pour upon Luk 10:34 ἐποκέλλω run aground Act 27:41 ἐπείδω stick fast Act 27:41 ἔσθησις raiment Luk 24:4 ἑσπέρα evening Luk 24:29; Act 4:3; Act 28:28 εὐεργετέω do good Act 10:38 εὐεργέτης benefactor Luk 22:25 εὐθυδρομέω run straight Act 16:11; Act 21:1 εὔθυμος of good cheer Act 27:36 εὐθυμότερον more cheerfully Act 24:10 εὐλαβής devout Luk 2:25; Act 2:5; Act 8:2 εὐπορέομαι to prosper Act 11:29 εὐπορία prosperity Act 19:25 εὐτόνως vehemently, strongly Luk 23:10; Act 18:28 εὐφορέω bring forth plentifully Luk 12:16 ἐφάλλομαι leap upon Act 19:16 ἐφημερία course (of priests) Luk 1:5, Luk 1:8 ἐφοράω look upon Luk 1:25; Act 4:29 ζεῦγος pair, yoke Luk 2:24; Luk 14:19 ζευκτηρία rudder-bands Act 27:40 ζήτημα question Act 15:2; Act 18:15; Act 23:29; Act 25:19; Act 26:3 ζωογονέω to preserve alive Luk 17:33; Act 7:19 ἡγεμονία reign Luk 3:1 ἡγεμονεύω to be governor Luk 2:2; Luk 3:1 θάμβος amazement Luk 4:36; Luk 5:9; Act 3:10 θάρσος courage Act 28:15 θεά goddess Act 19:27, Act 19:35, Act 19:37 θεομαχέω to fight against God Act 23:9 θεομάχος a fighting against God Act 5:39 θέρμη heat Act 28:3 θεωρία a sight Luk 23:48 θηρεύω to catch (as a hunter) Luk 11:54 θορυβάζομαι to be troubled Luk 10:41 θραύω bruise Luk 4:18 θρόμβος great drop Luk 22:44 θυμιάω to burn incense Luk 1:9 θυμομαχέω to be highly displeased Act 12:20 ἴασις cure, healing Luk 13:32; Act 4:22, Act 4:30 ἱδρώς sweat Luk 22:44 ἱερατεύω to perform the priest's duty Luk 1:8 ἱερόσυλος robber of temples Act 19:37 ἰκμάς moisture Luk 8:6 ἱππεύς horseman Act 23:23, Act 23:32 ἰσάγγελος equal to the angels Luk 20:36 ἴσως perhaps Luk 20:13 καθάπτω fasten, seize upon Act 28:3 καθεξῆς in order or succession Luk 1:3; Luk 8:1; Act 3:24; Act 11:4; Act 18:23 καθημερινός daily Act 6:1 καθίημι let down Luk 5:19; Act 9:25; Act 10:11; Act 11:5 καθόλου at all Act 4:18 καθοπλίζομαι to be fully armed Luk 11:21 καθότι because, according as Luk 1:7; Luk 19:9; Act 2:24, Act 2:45; Act 4:35 κάκωσις affliction Act 7:34 καρδιογνώστης knower of the heart Act 1:24; Act 15:8 καρποφόρος fruitful Act 14:17 κατάβασις descent Luk 19:37 καταγγελεύς setter forth Act 17:18 καταδέω bind up Luk 10:34 κατακλείω shut up Luk 3:20; Act 26:10 κατακληροδοτέω divide by lot Act 13:19 κατακλίνω to make recline Luk 9:14; Luk 14:8; Luk 24:30 κατακολουθέω follow after Luk 23:55; Act 16:17 κατακρημνίζω to cast down headlong Luk 4:29 καταλιθάζω to stone Luk 20:6 κατάλοιπος residue Act 15:17 καταμένω abide Luk 1:13 κατανεύω beckon Luk 5:7 κατανύσσω to prick or pierce Act 2:37 καταπίπτω to fall down Act 26:14; Act 28:6 καταπλέω arrive at (by sea) Luk 8:26 καταριθμέομαι to be numbered with Act 1:17 κατασείω to move (the hand), as a signal of silence Act 12:17; Act 13:16; Act 19:33; Act 21:40 κατασοφίζομαι deal subtly with Act 7:19 καταστελλω to appease, quiet Act 19:35, Act 19:36 κατασύρω to drag along Luk 12:58 κατασφάττω slay Luk 19:27 κατάσχεσις possession Act 7:5, Act 7:45 κατατρέχω run down Act 21:32 καταφέρω bear down; oppress Act 20:9; Act 26:10 καταφρονητής despiser Act 13:41 καταψύχω to cool Luk 16:24 κατείδωλος full of idols Act 17:16 κατοικία habitation Act 17:26 κέραμος tiling Luk 5:19 κεράτιον husk Luk 15:16 κηρίον comb (honey) Luk 24:42 κλάσις breaking Luk 24:35; Act 2:42 κλινίδιον couch Luk 5:19, Luk 5:24 κλισία company (at table) Luk 9:14 κοιτών bedchamber Act 12:20 κολυμβάω swim Act 27:43 κολωνία colony Act 16:12 κοπετός lamentation Act 8:2 κοπρία dung Luk 13:8; Luk 14:35 κόραξ raven Luk 12:24 κόρος measure Luk 16:7 κουφίζω lighten (as a ship) Act 27:38 κραιπάλη surfeiting Luk 21:34 κράτιστος most excellent Luk 1:3; Act 23:26; Act 24:3; Act 26:25 κτήτωρ possessor Act 4:34 : λακέω burst asunder Act 1:18 λακτίζω to kick Act 26:14 λαξευτός rock-hewn Luk 23:53 λεῖος smooth Luk 3:5 λεπίς a scale Act 9:18 λἤρος tattle, idle talk Luk 24:11 λιμήν a haven Act 27:8, Act 27:12 λίψ the southwest wind Act 27:12 λόγιος eloquent Act 18:24 λυμαίνομαι to make havoc Act 8:3 λυσιτελεῖ it is better Luk 17:2 λυτρωτής deliverer Act 7:35 μαγεία sorcery Act 8:11 μαγεύω to use sorcery Act 8:9 μαθήτρια female disciple Act 9:36 μακροθύμως patiently Act 26:3 μανία madness Act 26:24 μαντεύομαι to divine, practise soothsaying Act 16:16 μαστίζω to scourge Act 26:25 μεγαλεῖα great things Luk 1:49; Act 2:11 μελίσσιος of honey Luk 24:42 μεριστής divider Luk 12:14 μεσημβρία south Act 8:26; Act 22:6 μεστόω to fill Act 2:13 μεταβάλλομαι to change one's mind Act 28:6 μετακαλέομαι call for Act 7:14; Act 10:32; Act 20:17; Act 24:25 μεταπέμπω send for Act 10:5, Act 10:22, Act 10:29; Act 11:13; Act 24:24, Act 24:26; Act 25:3 μετεωρίζομαι to be of doubtful mind Luk 12:29 μετοικίζω to remove the dwelling-place Act 7:4, Act 7:43 μετρίως moderately Act 20:12 μηδαμῶς by no means, not so Act 10:14; Act 11:8 μίσθιος hired, salaried Luk 15:17, Luk 15:19 μίσθωμα hired house Act 28:30 μνᾶ pound, mina Luk 19:13, Luk 19:16, Luk 19:18, Luk 19:20, Luk 19:24, Luk 19:25 μόγις hardly Luk 9:39 μοσχοποιέω to make a calf Act 7:41 ναύκληρος ship-owner Act 27:11 ναῦς ship Act 27:41 νεανίας young man Act 7:58; Act 20:9; Act 23:17, Act 23:18, Act 23:22 νεοσσός young (especially of birds) Luk 2:24 νεωκόρος temple-sweeper Luk 19:35 νησίον island Act 27:16 νοσσιά brood Luk 13:34 δγδοήκοντα fourscore Luk 2:37; Luk 16:7 ὁδεύω to journey Luk 10:33 ὁδοιπορέω to go on one's journey Act 10:9 ὀδυνάομαι to be sorrowful Luk 2:48; Luk 16:24, Luk 16:25; Act 20:38 ὁθόνη sheet Act 10:11; Act 11:5 οἴκημα cell Act 12:7 οἰκονομέω to be a steward Luk 16:2 ὀκνέω to delay Act 9:38 ὁλοκληρία perfect soundness Act 3:16 ὄμβρος shower Luk 12:54 ὁμιλέω talk together, commune Luk 24:14,Luk 24:15; Act 20:11; Act 24:26 ὁμότεχνος of the same craft Act 18:3 ὄνειδος reproach Luk 1:25 ὁπότε when Luk 6:3 ὀπτάνομαι to be seen Act 1:3 ὀπτός broiled Luk 24:42 ὀργυιά fathom Act 27:28 ὀρεινός hilly, mountainous Luk 1:39, Luk 1:65 ὀρθρίζω to rise early Luk 21:38 ὁροθεσία boundary Act 17:26 ὀυρανοθεν from heaven Act 14:17; Act 26:13 οὐσία substance, property Luk 15:12, Luk 15:13 ὀφρύς brow Luk 4:29 ὀχλοποιέω gather a company Act 17:5 παθητός destined to suffer Act 26:23 παμπληθεί all at once Luk 23:18 πανδοχεῖον inn Luk 10:34 πανδοχεύς host Luk 10:35 πανοικί with all one's house Act 16:34 πάντη always Act 24:3 παραβιάζομαι constrain Luk 24:29; Act 16:15 παράδοξος strange Luk 5:26 παραθεωρέω neglect Act 6:1 παραινέω admonish Act 27:9, Act 27:22 παρακαθίζω sit by Luk 10:39 παρακαλύπτω to hide Luk 9:45 παραλέγομαι to sail near by Act 27:8, Act 27:13 παράλιος near or by the sea Luk 6:17 παρανομέω to transgress law Act 23:3 παραπλέω to sail by Act 20:16 παράσημος sign or emblem Act 28:11 παρατείνω continue, prolong Act 20:7 παρατήρησις observation Luk 17:20 παρατυγχάνω fall in with, meet Act 17:17 παραχειμασία wintering near or at Act 27:12 παρενοχλέω trouble Act 15:19 παρθενία virginity Luk 2:36 παροίχομαι to pass away Act 14:16 παροτρύνω stir up Act 13:50 πατρῷος of the fathers Act 22:3; Act 24:14; Act 28:17 πεδινός plain Luk 6:17 πεζεύω to go afoot Act 20:18 πειράω attempt Act 9:26; Act 26:21 πενιχρός poor Luk 21:2 πεντεκαιδέκατος fifteenth Luk 3:1 περιάπτω kindle Luk 22:55 περιαστράπτω shine round about Act 9:3; Act 22:6 περικρατής master (of the boat) Act 27:16 περικρύπτω hide Luk 1:24 περικυκλόω compass round Luk 19:43 περιλάμπω shine round about Luk 2:9; Act 26:18 περιμένω wait for Act 1:4 πέριξ round about Act 5:16 περιοικέω dwell round about Luk 1:65 περίοικος neighbor Luk 1:58 περιοχή place, contents of a passage (of scripture) Act 8:32 περιῤῥήγνυμι rend off Act 16:22 περισπάομαι to be cumbered Luk 10:40 περιτρέπω pervert Act 26:24 πήγανον rue Luk 11:42 πιέζω press down Luk 6:38 πίμπραμαι to be inflamed or swollen Act 28:6 πινακίδιον writing-tablet Luk 1:63 πλέω to sail Luk 8:23; Act 21:3 Act 27:2, Act 27:6, Act 27:24 πλημμύρα flood Luk 6:4 :8 πλόος sailing, voyage Act 21:7; Act 27:9, Act 27:10 πολιτάρχης ruler of the city Act 17:6, Act 17:8 πολίτης citizen Luk 15:15; Luk 19:14; Act 21:39 πολλαπλασίων manifold more Luk 18:30 πορφυρόπωλις seller of purple Act 16:14 πραγματεύομαι to trade Luk 19:13 πράκτωρ officer, exactor Luk 12:58 πρεσβεία embassy Luk 14:32; Luk 19:14 πρηνής headlong Act 1:18 προβάλλω put forward Luk 21:30; Act 19:33 προκηρύσσω preach before (time) Act 3:20; Act 13:24 προμελετάω meditate beforehand Luk 21:14 προοράω see before Act 2:25; Act 21:29 προπορεύομαι go before Luk 1:76; Act 7:40 προσαναβαίνω go up Luk 14:10 προσαναλίσκω spend Luk 8:43 προσαπειλέομαι threaten farther Act 4:21 προσδαπανάω spend more Luk 10:35 προσδέομαι to need Luk 17:25 προσδοκία expectation Luk 21:26; Act 12:11 προσεάω permit Act 27:7 προσεργάζομαι gain Luk 19:16 προσκληρόομαι consort with Act 17:4 προσλαλέω speak to Act 13:43; Act 28:20 πρόσπεινος very hungry Act 10:10 προσπήγνυμι crucify Act 2:23 προσποιέομαι make as though Luk 24:28 προσρήγνυμι beat vehemently upon Luk 6:48, Luk 6:49 προφάτως lately Act 18:2 προσψαύω touch Luk 11:4.6 προσωπολήμπτης respecter of persons Act 10:34 προτάσσομαι be appointed before-hand Act 17:26 προτείνω bind Act 22:25 προτρέπομαι exhort Act 18:27 προΰάρχω to be beforetime Luk 23:12; Act 8:9 προφέρω bring forth Luk 6:45 προχειρίζομαι choose, appoint Act 22:14; Act 26:16 προχειροτονέομαι to be chosen before Act 10:41 πρώρα prow Act 27:30, Act 27:41 πρωτοστάτης ringleader Act 24:5 πτοέομαι to be terrified Luk 21:9; Luk 24:37 πτύσσω to roll together (a parchment) Luk 4:20 πυρά fire Act 28:2, Act 28:3 ῥαβδοῦχος serjeant Act 16:35, Act 16:38 ῥαδιούργημα crime, villany Act 18:14 ῥαδιουργία villany, mischief Act 13:10 ῥῆγμα ruin Luk 6:49 ῥήτωρ orator Act 24:1 ῥώννυμαι farewell Act 15:29; Act 23:30 σάλος swell of the sea, billows Luk 21:25 σανίς board Act 27:44 σεβαστός Augustan Act 27:1 σικάριος assassin Act 21:38 σίκερα strong drink Luk 1:15 σιμικίνθιον apron Act 19:12 σινάζω sift Luk 22:31 σιτομέτριον portion of meat Luk 12:42 σκάπτω dig Luk 6:48; Luk 13:8; Luk 16:3 σκάφη boat Act 27:16, Act 27:30, Act 27:32 σκευή tackling Act 27:19 σκηνοποιός tent-maker Act 18:3 σκιρτάω leap, frisk Luk 1:41, Luk 1:44; Luk 6:23 σκληροτράχηλος stiff-necked Act 7:51 σκῦλα spoils Luk 11:22 σορός bier Luk 7:14 σπαργανόω wrap in swaddling-clothes Luk 2:7, Luk 2:12 σπερμολόγος babbler Act 17:18 στέμμα garland Act 14:13 στερεόω to strengthen Act 3:7, Act 3:16; Act 16:5 στιγμή moment (of time) Luk 4:5 στρατηγός captain, magistrate Luk 22:4, Luk 22:52; Act 4:1; Act 5:24, Act 5:26; 16:20-38 στρατία host Luk 2:13; Act 7:42 στρατοπεδάρχης captain of the guard Act 28:16 στρατόπεδον army Luk 21:20 συγγένεια kindred Luk 1:61; Act 7:3, Act 7:14 συγγενίς kinswoman Luk 1:36 συγκαλύπτομαι to be covered Luk 12:2 συγκαταβαίνω to go down with Act 25:5 συγκατατίθεμαι to consent Luk 23:51 συγκαταψηφίζομαι to be numbered with Act 1:26 συγκινέω stir up Act 6:12 συγκομίζω carry away (for burial) Act 8:2 συγκύπτω to be bent together Luk 13:11 συγκυρία chance, coincidence Luk 10:31 συγχέω stir up Act 21:27 συγχύνω confound or confuse Act 2:6; Act 9:22; Act 19:32; Act 21:31 σύγχυσις confusion Act 19:29 συζήτησις disputation Act 15:2, Act 15:7; Act 28:29 συκάμινος sycamine Luk 17:6 συκομωραία sycamore Luk 19:4 συκοφαντέω accuse falsely Luk 3:14; Luk 19:8 συλλογίζομαι to reason together Luk 20:5 συμβάλλω to put together in mind, ponder, confer, encounter, meet, help, Luk 2:19; Luk 14:31; Act 4:15; Act 17:18; Act 18:27; Luk 20:14 συμπάτειμι to be present with Act 25:24 συμπεριλαμβάνω embrace Act 20:10 συμπίνω drink with Act 10:4, Act 10:1 συμπίπτω fall in Luk 6:49 συμπληρόω fill; of time, to come fully Luk 8:23; Luk 9:51; Act 2:1 συμφύομαι spring up with Luk 8:7 συμφωνία music Luk 15:25 συμψηφίζω count, or reckon up Act 19:19 συναθροίζω gather together Luk 24:33; Act 12:12; Act 19:25 συναλίζομαι to be assembled together Act 1:4 συναρπάζω catch Luk 8:29; Act 6:12; Act 19:29; Act 27:15 συνδρομή a running together, concourse Act 21:30 σύνειμι to be with Luk 10:18; Act 22:11 σύνειμι

(εἶμι to go) to be gathered together Luk 8:4 συνελαύνω set at one Act 7:26 συνέπομαι accompany Act 20:4 συνεφίστημι assail together Act 16:22 συνθρύπτω break Act 21:13 συνοδεύω journey with Act 9:7 συνοδία company (of travellers) Luk 2:44 συνομιλέω talk with Act 10:27 συνομορέω to border together, to adjoin Act 18:7 συντόμως concisely Act 24:4 σύντροφος brought up with Act 13:1 συντυγχάνω to come to, or at Luk 8:19 συνωμοσία conspiracy Act 23:13 σύρτις quicksand Act 27:17 συσπαράσσω to tear Luk 9:42 συστρέφω gather Act 28:3 συστροφή concourse Act 19:40; Act 23:12 σφάγιον victim, slain beast Act 7:42 σφοδρῶς exceedingly Act 27:18 σφυρόν ankle-bone Act 3:7 σχολή school Act 19:9 τακτός set, appointed Act 12:21 τανῦν now Act 4:29; Act 5:38; Act 17:30; Act 20:32; Act 27:22 τάραχος stir Act 12:18; Act 19:23 τάχιστα with all speed Act 17:5 τεκμήριον proof Act 1:3 τελεσφορέω bring fruit to perfection Luk 8:14 τεσσαρακονταετής period of forty years Act 7:23 τεσσαρεσκαιδέκατος fourteenth Act 27:27, Act 27:33 τετράδιον quaternion Act 12:4 τετραπλόος fourfold Luk 19:8 τετραρχέω to be tetrarch Luk 3:1 τιμωρέω punish Act 22:5; Act 26:11 τοῖχος wall Act 23:3 τραῦμα wound Luk 10:34 τραυματίζω to wound Luk 20:12; Act 19:16 τραχύς rough Luk 3:5; Act 27:29 τρῆμα eye (of a needle) Luk 18:25 τρίστεγον third loft Act 20:9 τρισχίλιοι three thousand Act 2:41 τροφοφορέω to bear as a nursing father Act 13:18 τρυγών turtle-dove Luk 2:24 τυφωνικός tempestuous, whirling Act 27:14 ὑγρός moist, fresh, green Luk 23:31 ὑδρωπικός a dropsical person Luk 14:2 ὑπερείδω overlook Act 17:30 ὑπερεκχύνομαι run over Luk 6:38 ὑπερῷον upper room Act 1:13; Act 9:37, Act 9:39; Act 20:8 ὑπηρετέω serve, minister Act 13:36; Act 20:34; Act 24:23 ὑποβάλλω suborn Act 6:11 ὑποζώννυμι undergird Act 27:17 ὑποκρίνομαι feign Luk 20:20 ὑπολαμβάνω suppose, answer, receive Luk 7:43; Luk 10:30; Act 1:9; Act 2:15 ὑπονοέω think, suppose Act 13:25; Act 25:18; Act 27:27 ὑποπλέω sail under Act 27:4, Act 27:7 ὑποπνέω blow softly Act 27:13 ὑποστρώννυμι spread Luk 19:36 ὑποτρέχω run under Act 27:16 ὑποχωρέω withdraw Luk 5:16; Luk 9:10 φαντασία pomp Act 25:23 φάραγξ valley Luk 3:5 φάσις tidings Act 21:31 φάτνη manger Luk 2:7, Luk 2:12, Luk 2:16; Luk 13:15 φιλανθρώπως courteously Act 27:3 φιλονεικία strife Luk 22:24 φιλόσοφος philosopher Act 17:18 φιλοφρόνως courteously Act 28:7 φόβητρον a terror, fearful sight Luk 21:11 φόρτος lading Act 27:10 φρονίμως wisely Luk 16:8 φρυάσσω rage Act 4:25 φρύγανον stick Act 28:3 φυλακίζω imprison Act 22:19 φύλαξ keeper Act 5:23; Act 12:6, Act 12:19 χάραξ trench Luk 19:43 χάσμα gulf Luk 10:26 χειμάζομαι to be tempest-tossed Act 27:18 χειραγωγέω lead by the hand Act 9:8; Act 22:11 χειραγωγός one leading by the hand Act 13:11 χλευάζω mock Act 17:32 χορός dancing Luk 15:25 χόρτασμα sustenance Act 7:11 χράω lend Luk 11:5 χρεωφειλέτης debtor Luk 7:41; Luk 16:5 χρονοτριβέω spend time Act 20:16 χρώς body, skin Act 19:12 χῶρος northwest Act 27:12 ψώχω to rub Luk 6:1 ὠνέομαι to buy Act 7:16 ὠόν egg Luk 11:12

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