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Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, by R.A. Torrey, [ca. 1880], at

1 Chronicles Chapter 27

1 Chronicles

ch1 27:0


Ch1 27:1, The twelve captains for every several month; Ch1 27:16, The princes of the twelve tribes; Ch1 27:23, The numbering of the people is hindered; Ch1 27:25, David's several officers.

1 Chronicles 27:1

ch1 27:1

the chief fathers: The patriarchs, chief generals, or generals of brigade. This enumeration is widely different from that of the preceding. In that, we have the order and course of the priests and Levites, in their ecclesiastical ministrations. in this, we have the account of the order of the civil service, what related simply to the political state of the king and kingdom. Twenty-four persons, chosen out of David's worthies, each of whom had a second, were placed over 24,000 men, who all served a month at a time, in turn; and this was the whole of their service during the year, after which they attended to their own affairs. Thus the king had always on foot a regular force of 24,000, who served without expense to him or the state, and were not oppressed by the service, which took up only a twelfth part of their time; and by this plan he could, at any time, bring into the field 12 times 24,000 or 288,000 fighting men, independently of the 12,000 officers, which made in the whole an effective force of 300,000 soldiers; and all these men were prepared, disciplined, and ready at a call, without the smallest expense to the state or the king. These were, properly speaking, the militia of the Israelitish kingdom.

captains: Ch1 13:1; Exo 18:25; Deu 1:15; Sa1 8:12; Mic 5:2

served: Ch1 28:1; Ch2 17:12-19, Ch2 26:11-13

any matter: Kg1 5:14

month: Kg1 4:7, Kg1 4:27

1 Chronicles 27:2

ch1 27:2

Jashobeam: Ch1 11:11; Sa2 23:8, Adino the Eznite

1 Chronicles 27:3

ch1 27:3

Perez: Gen 38:29; Num 26:20, Pharez

the chief: Gen 49:8-10; Num 7:12, Num 10:14

1 Chronicles 27:4

ch1 27:4

Dodai: Ch1 11:12; Sa2 23:9, Dodo

1 Chronicles 27:5

ch1 27:5

Benaiah: Or, "Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada the chief priest:" it was Jehoiada, and not Benaiah, who was a priest. Ch1 18:17; Kg1 4:4

chief priest: or, principal officer, Kg1 4:5

1 Chronicles 27:6

ch1 27:6

mighty: Ch1 11:22-25; Sa2 22:20-23, Sa2 23:20-23

1 Chronicles 27:7

ch1 27:7

Asahel: Ch1 11:26; Sa2 2:18-23, Sa2 23:24

1 Chronicles 27:8

ch1 27:8

Shamhuth: If this person was the same as Shammoth the Hararite, or Shammah the Harodite, it is probable that he took the denomination Izrahite, from one of his progenitors of the name Izrah, and derived the other from the place of his residence. Ch1 11:27, Shammoth the Hararite, Ch1 26:29; Sa2 23:25, Shammah the Harodite

1 Chronicles 27:9

ch1 27:9

Ira: Ch1 11:28; Sa2 23:26

1 Chronicles 27:10

ch1 27:10

Helez: Ch1 11:27

Pelonite: Sa2 23:26, Paltite

1 Chronicles 27:11

ch1 27:11

Sibbecai: Ch1 11:29; Sa2 21:18

Zarhites: Num 26:20

1 Chronicles 27:12

ch1 27:12

Anetothite: Ch1 11:28, Antothite, Sa2 23:27, Anethothite

1 Chronicles 27:13

ch1 27:13

Maharai: Ch1 11:30; Sa2 23:28

Zarhites: Ch1 27:11

1 Chronicles 27:14

ch1 27:14

Benaiah: Ch1 11:31; Sa2 23:30

1 Chronicles 27:15

ch1 27:15

Heldai: Ch1 11:30, Heled, Sa2 23:29, Heleb

Othniel: Ch1 4:13; Jdg 3:9

1 Chronicles 27:16

ch1 27:16

Furthermore: These persons, called "princes of the tribes," in Ch1 27:22, and Ch1 28:1, appear to have been civil rulers over their several tribes, and honorary men, without pay, not unlike the lords lieutenants of our counties. In this enumeration there is no mention of the tribes of Gad and Asher, probably because they were joined to the neighbouring tribes; or perhaps, the account of these has been lost from the register.

1 Chronicles 27:17

ch1 27:17

Hashabiah: Ch1 26:30

of the Aaronites: Ch1 12:27, Ch1 12:28, Ch1 24:4, Ch1 24:31

1 Chronicles 27:18

ch1 27:18

Elihu: If Elihu be not a mistake for Eliab, it is probable that he was called by both names. Sa1 16:6, Sa1 17:13, Sa1 17:29, Eliab

1 Chronicles 27:21

ch1 27:21

Iddo: Kg1 4:14

Abner: Sa1 14:50, Sa1 14:51; Sa2 3:27, Sa2 3:37

1 Chronicles 27:23

ch1 27:23

David took not: It seems probable, from this passage, that Joab began, by David's order, to number the children, as well as adults, but was prevented from finishing the account, probably because the plague had begun. The numbering of the effective men might have been deemed a political expedient; but pride and ostentation alone could dictate the numbering of minors and infants, especially as God had pronounced the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, innumerable.

from twenty: Num 1:18

he would increase: Gen 15:5; Heb 11:12

1 Chronicles 27:24

ch1 27:24

began to number: 1Chr. 21:1-17; Sa2 24:1-15

was the number put: Heb. ascended the number

1 Chronicles 27:25

ch1 27:25

the king's: Kg2 18:15; Ch2 16:2

the storehouses: Gen 41:48; Exo 1:11; Ch2 26:10; Jer 41:8

1 Chronicles 27:27

ch1 27:27

the increase of the vineyards: Heb. that which was of the vineyards

1 Chronicles 27:28

ch1 27:28

And over: Kg1 4:7

the sycamore trees: The Hebrew shikmin, Syriac shekmo, and Arabic jummeez, is the συκομορος, or sycomore, of the Greeks, so called from συκος, a fig-tree, and μορος a mulberry- tree, because it resembles the latter in its leaves, and the former in its fruits. "The sycamore," says Mr. Norden, "is of the height of a beech, and bears its fruit in a manner quite different from other trees. it has them on the trunk itself, which shoots out little sprigs, in form of grape stalks, at the end of which grow the fruit close to one another, almost like a cluster of grapes. The tree is always green, and bears fruit several times in the year, without observing any certain seasons; for I have seen some sycamores that have given fruit two months after others. The fruit has the figure and smell of real figs, but is inferior to them in the taste, having a disgusting sweetness. Its colour is a yellow, inclining to an ochre, shadowed by a flesh colour. In the inside it resembles the common figs, excepting that it has a blackish colouring with yellow spots. This sort of tree is pretty common in Egypt; the people, for the greater part, live on its fruit, and think themselves well regaled when they have a piece of bread, a couple of sycamore figs, and a pitcher of water." Kg1 20:27

1 Chronicles 27:29

ch1 27:29

Sharon: Ch1 5:16; Isa 65:10

1 Chronicles 27:30

ch1 27:30

the camels: Job 1:3

the Ishmaelite: Gen 47:6

1 Chronicles 27:32

ch1 27:32

uncle: Sa2 13:3, Sa2 21:21, nephew

scribe: or, secretary

son of Hachmoni: [Strong's H2453], or, Hachmonite, Ch1 11:11

1 Chronicles 27:33

ch1 27:33

Ahithophel: Sa2 15:12, Sa2 16:23, Sa2 17:23

Hushai: Sa2 15:32, Sa2 15:37, Sa2 16:16

companion: Sa2 16:17; Psa 55:13; Zac 13:7

1 Chronicles 27:34

ch1 27:34

Abiathar: Kg1 1:7

the general: Ch1 11:6

Next: 1 Chronicles Chapter 28