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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

Revelation Chapter 20

Revelation 20:2

rev 20:2

thousand years

The duration of the kingdom of heaven in its mediatorial form.

(See Scofield) - (Co1 15:24).

Revelation 20:5

rev 20:5

first resurrection

The "resurrection of the just" is mentioned in (Luk 14:13); (Luk 14:14), and the resurrection of "life" distinguished from the "resurrection unto damnation" in (Joh 5:29). We here learn for the first time what interval of time separates these two resurrections.

(See Scofield) - (Co1 15:52).

Revelation 20:8

rev 20:8


(See Scofield) - (Eze 38:2).

Revelation 20:10

rev 20:10


Satan, Summary:

This fearful being, apparently created one of the cherubim

(See Scofield) - (Eze 1:5).

(See Scofield) - (Eze 28:12).

and anointed for a position of great authority, perhaps over the primitive creation, (note 3);

(See Scofield) - (Gen 1:2); (Eze 28:11-15).

fell through pride; (Isa 14:12-14); His "I will" (Isa 14:13) marks the introduction of sin into the universe. Cast out of heaven, (Luk 10:18), he makes earth and air the scene of his tireless activity. (Eph 2:2); (Pe1 5:8). After the creation of man he entered into the serpent.

(See Scofield) - (Gen 3:1).

and, beguiling Eve by his subtilty, secured the downfall of Adam and through him of the race, and the entrance of sin into the world of men. (Rom 5:12-14).

The Adamic Covenant

(See Scofield) - (Gen 3:14).

Promised the ultimate destruction of Satan through the "Seed of the woman." Then began his long warfare against the work of God in behalf of humanity, which still continues. The present world-system (Rev 13:8) organized upon the principle of force, greed, selfishness, ambition, and sinful pleasure, is his work and was the bribe which he offered to Christ. (Mat 4:8); (Mat 4:9). Of that world-system, he is prince; (Joh 14:30); (Joh 16:11) and god (Co2 4:4). As "prince of the power of the air", (Eph 2:2), he is at the head of vast host of demons.

(See Scofield) - (Mat 7:22).

To him, under God, was committed upon earth the power of death. (Heb 2:14). Cast out of heaven as his proper sphere and "first estate," he still has access to God as the "accuser of the brethren" (Rev 12:10) and is permitted a certain power of sifting or testing the self-confident and carnal among believers; (Job 1:6-11); (Luk 22:31); (Luk 22:32); (Co1 5:5); (Ti1 1:20); but this is strictly permissive and limited power, and believers so sifted are kept in faith through the advocacy of Christ. (Luk 22:31); (Luk 22:32).

(See Scofield) - (Jo1 2:1).

At the beginning of the great tribulation, Satan's privilege of access to God as accuser will be withdrawn. (Rev 12:7-12). At the return of Christ in glory, Satan will be bound for one thousand years (Rev 20:2) after which he will be "loosed for a little season" (Rev 20:3); (Rev 20:7); (Rev 20:8) and will become the head of final effort to overthrow the kingdom. Defeated in this, he will be finally cast into the lake of fire, his final doom. The notion that he reigns in hell is Miltonic, not biblical. He is prince of this present world-system, but will be tormented in the lake of fire.

Revelation 20:11

rev 20:11

great white throne

The expressions, "the judgment," or, "day of judgment," as the passages and their context show, refer to the final judgment of (Rev 20:11-15).

there was found no place for him

The "day of destruction" is that aspect of the day of Jehovah (Isa 2:12).

(See Scofield) - (Rev 19:19).

(Summary) which visits final and eternal judgment upon the wicked. Three such "days" are included in the "day" of Jehovah, and are described in the references beginning with (Isa 34:1-9).

(See Scofield) - (Mat 25:32).

And I saw

(See Scofield) - (Rev 20:12).

Revelation 20:12

rev 20:12


The final judgment. The subjects are the "dead." As the redeemed were raised from among the dead one thousand years before (Rev 20:5) and have been in glory with Christ during that period, the "dead" can only be the wicked dead, from the beginning to the setting up of the great white throne in space. As there are degrees of punishment (Luk 12:27); (Luk 12:48) the dead are judged according to their works. The book of life is there to answer such as plead their works for justification, for example (Mat 7:22); (Mat 7:23) an awful blank where the name might have been.

The Judgments, Summary:

Among the many judgments mentioned in Scripture, seven are invested with especial significance. These are:

(1) The judgment of the Believer's sins in the cross of Christ.

(See Scofield) - (Joh 12:31).

(2) the believer's self-judgment.

(See Scofield) - (Co1 11:31).

(3) the judgment of the believers' works.

(See Scofield) - (Co2 5:10).

(4) the judgment of the nations at the return of Christ.

(See Scofield) - (Mat 25:32).

(5) the judgment of Israel at the return of Christ.

(See Scofield) - (Eze 20:37).

(6) the judgment of angels after the one thousand years.

(See Scofield) - (Jde 1:6), and

(7) the judgment of the wicked dead with which the history of the present earth ends.

Revelation 20:13

rev 20:13


(See Scofield) - (Luk 16:23).

Revelation 20:14

rev 20:14

second death

Second death, Summary:

"The second death" and the "lake of fire" are identical terms (Rev 20:14) and are used of the eternal state of the wicked. It is "second" relative to the preceding physical death of the wicked in unbelief and rejection of God; their eternal state is one of eternal "death" (that is, separation from God) in sins (Joh 8:21); (Joh 8:24). That the second death is not annihilation is shown by a comparison of (Rev 19:20); (Rev 20:10).

After one thousand years in the lake of fire, the Beast and False Prophet are still there, undestroyed. The words "forever and forever" ("to the ages of the ages") are used in (Heb 1:8) for the duration of the throne of God, eternal in the sense of unending.

Next: Revelation Chapter 21