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The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, [1917], at

Leviticus Chapter 16

Leviticus 16:5

lev 16:5


The two goats. The offering of the high priest for himself has no anti-type in Christ (Heb 7:26); (Heb 7:27). The typical interest centers upon the two goats and the high priest. Typically...

1. All is done by the high priest (Heb 1:3) "by Himself"), the people only bring the sacrifice; (Mat 26:47); (Mat 27:24); (Mat 27:25).

2. The goat slain (Jehovah's lot) is that aspect of Christ's work which vindicates the holiness and righteousness of God as expressed in the law (Rom 3:24-26) and is expiatory.

3. The living goat typifies that aspect of Christ's work which puts away our sins from before God (Heb 9:26); (Rom 8:33); (Rom 8:34).

4. The high priest entering the holiest, typifies Christ entering "heaven itself" with "His own blood" for us (Heb 9:11); (Heb 9:12). His blood makes that to be a "throne of grace," and "mercy seat" which else must have been a throne of judgment.

5. For us, the priests of the New Covenant, there is what Israel never had, a rent veil (Mat 27:51); (Heb 10:19); (Heb 10:20). So that, for worship and blessing, we enter, in virtue of His blood, where He is, into the holiest; (Heb 4:14-16); (Heb 10:19-22). The atonement of Christ, as interpreted by the Old Testament sacrificial types, has these necessary elements:

(1) It is substitutionary-the offering takes the offerer's place in death.

(2) The law is not evaded but honored-every sacrificial death was an execution of the sentence of the law.

(3) The sinlessness of Him who bore our sins is expressed in every animal sacrifice-it must be without blemish.

(4) The effect of the atoning work of Christ is typified

(a) in the promises, "it shall be forgiven him"; and

(b) in the peace-offering, the expression of fellowship-the highest privilege of the saint.

(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33)

Leviticus 16:6

lev 16:6


The biblical use and meaning of the word must be sharply distinguished from its use in theology. In theology it is term which covers the whole sacrificial and redemptive work of Christ. In the Old Testament atonement is the English word used to translate the Hebrew words which mean "cover," "coverings," or "to cover." Atonement (at-one-ment) is, therefore, not a translation of the hebrew, but a purely theologic concept. The Levitical offerings "covered" the sins of Israel until, and in anticipation of the Cross, but did not "take away" (Heb 10:4) those sins. These were the "sins done aforetime" ("covered" meantime by the Levitical sacrifices), which God "passed over" (Rom 3:25) for which "passing over" God's righteousness was never vindicated until, in the Cross, Jesus Christ was "set forth a propitiation." See "Propitiation,"

(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:25).

It was the Cross, not the Levitical sacrifices which made "at-one-ment." The Old Testament sacrifices enabled God to go on with a guilty people because they typified the Cross. To the offerer they were the confession of his desert of death, and the expression of his faith; to God they were the "shadows" (Heb 10:1) of which Christ was the reality.


(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33).

Leviticus 16:11

lev 16:11


(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33).

Leviticus 16:16

lev 16:16


(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33).

Leviticus 16:18

lev 16:18

out unto the altar

dispensationally, for Israel, this is yet future; the High Priest is still in the holiest. When He comes out to His ancient people they will be converted and restored (Rom 11:23-27); (Zac 12:10); (Zac 12:12); (Zac 13:1); (Rev 1:7) Meantime, believers of this dispensation as priests (Pe1 2:9) enter into the holiest where He is. (Heb 10:19-22).

Leviticus 16:20

lev 16:20


Hebrew, "kaphar", means "covering".

See (Dan 9:24).

(See Scofield) - (Dan 9:24).

Leviticus 16:27

lev 16:27


(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33).

Leviticus 16:29

lev 16:29

seventh month

That is, October.

Next: Leviticus Chapter 17