The Scofield Bible Commentary, by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, , at sacred-texts.com
do unto them to hallow them
The priest type of consecration. (Compare the temple type, (Kg1 8:1-11); (Ch2 5:4); (Ch2 5:14). The order in; (Lev 8:1-9); (Lev 8:24); differs from the order here. In Leviticus the filling the hands precedes the sprinkling.
(See Scofield) - (Lev 1:3).
(See Scofield) - (Exo 25:30).
(See Scofield) - (Lev 2:1).
shares in the washing (i.e, symbol of regeneration), (Tit 3:5); (Joh 3:5); (Joh 3:6).
(1) as needing it, be in this in contrast with Christ (Heb 7:26-28).
(2) to typify Christ's action, who received the baptism of John, not as needing it, but as thus identifying Himself with sinners, and as fulfilling the Aaronic type. As in Aaron's case, His anointing followed the washing (Exo 29:4); (Exo 29:7); (Mat 3:14-16).
distinguish the washing from the use of the laver. (Exo 30:18-21)
This washing typifies regeneration;
the laver, daily cleansing;
See both (Joh 13:10).
The priest's garments were put on in reverse order of the instructions for making them:
(1) The "coat" (Exo 28:39) the oriental long garment worn next to the person, made of fine linen. (Exo 27:9).
(2) The "robe of the ephod" (Exo 28:31-35) a long seamless garment of blue linen with an opening for the head, worn over the "coat." Pomegranates, symbol of fruitfulness, were embroidered on the skirt of the robe in blue, purple, and scarlet, alternated with golden bells, symbol of testimony, which gave a sound as the high priest went in and out of the sanctuary. The robe was secured by a golden girdle.
(3) The ephod (Exo 28:5-12) was next put on. A short garment made of linen, embroidered with gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, it consisted of two pieces, front and back, united by two shoulder-pieces and by a band about the bottom. Two onyx stones, set in gold and fastened upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, were engraved with the names of the twelve tribes: "and Aaron shall bear their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulders (the place of strength) for a memorial." Compare (Isa 9:6); (Luk 15:4); (Luk 15:5).
(4) The breastplate was a square pouch (Exo 28:16) of linen to contain the Urim and Thummim.
(See Scofield) - (Exo 28:30).
To the linen pouch was attached the oblong gold setting containing four rows of precious stones, on each stone a tribal name. The breastplate with the jewel work was attached at the upper corners to the shoulder-pieces of the ephod by golden chains. Golden rings were sewn on ephod and breastplate, and the latter was further secured to the ephod by laces of blue through the rings. Altogether, it was called "the breastplate of judgment" because worn by the high priest when judging the causes of the people.
(See Scofield) - (Exo 28:30).
(5) A mitre (or "turban") of fine line was made (Exo 28:37) to cover the head, bearing upon the front a gold plate engraved, "Holiness to the Lord" (Exo 29:36).
(6) To these were added linen breeches, "from the loins even to the thighs" (Exo 28:42). The "coat" and linen breeches were made for the priests, also, and were the ordinary garments of high priest and priests as distinguished from the other garments, which were "for glory and beauty."
Symbol of service. (Luk 12:37); (Luk 17:8); (Joh 13:4); (Rev 1:13).
put their hands
(See Scofield) - (Lev 1:4)
Hebrew, Kaphar, "to cover." The English word "atonement" (at-one-ment) is not a translation of the Hebrew, Kaphar, but a translator's interpretation. According to Scripture the legal sacrifice "covered" the offerer's sin and secured the divine forgiveness; according to the translators it made God and the sinner at-one. But the Old Testament Sacrifices did not at-one the sinner and God. "It is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins." (Heb 10:4). The Israelite's offering implied confession of sin and of its due desert, death; and God "covered" (passed over," (Rom 3:25) his sin, in anticipation of Christ's sacrifice, which did, finally, "put away" the sins "done aforetime in the forbearance of God."; (Rom 3:25); (Heb 9:15).
(See Scofield) - (Rom 3:25).
The word "atonement" does not occur in the New Testament; (Rom 5:11) meaning reconciliation, and so rendered in the R.V.
See "Sacrifice," (Gen 4:4); and refs.
(See Scofield) - (Gen 4:4).
(See Scofield) - (Lev 16:5)
(See Scofield) - (Exo 29:33).