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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 69

Psalms 69:1

psa 69:1

Upon Shoshannim--(See on Psa 45:1, title). Mingling the language of prayer and complaint, the sufferer, whose condition is here set forth, pleads for God's help as one suffering in His cause, implores the divine retribution on his malicious enemies, and, viewing his deliverance as sure, promises praise by himself, and others, to whom God will extend like blessings. This Psalm is referred to seven times in the New Testament as prophetical of Christ and the gospel times. Although the character in which the Psalmist appears to some in Psa 69:5 is that of a sinner, yet his condition as a sufferer innocent of alleged crimes sustains the typical character of the composition, and it may be therefore regarded throughout, as the twenty-second, as typically expressive of the feelings of our Saviour in the flesh. (Psa. 69:1-36)

(Compare Psa 40:2).

come in unto my soul--literally, "come even to my soul," endanger my life by drowning (Jon 2:5).

Psalms 69:3

psa 69:3

(Compare Psa 6:6).

mine eyes fail--in watching (Psa 119:82).

Psalms 69:4

psa 69:4

hate me, &c.--(Compare Joh 15:25). On the number and power of his enemies (compare Psa 40:12).

then I restored . . . away--that is, he suffered wrongfully under the imputation of robbery.

Psalms 69:5

psa 69:5

This may be regarded as an appeal, vindicating his innocence, as if he had said, "If sinful, thou knowest," &c. Though David's condition as a sufferer may typify Christ's, without requiring that a parallel be found in character.

Psalms 69:6

psa 69:6

for my sake--literally, "in me," in my confusion and shame.

Psalms 69:7

psa 69:7

This plea contemplates his relation to God as a sufferer in His cause. Reproach, domestic estrangement (Mar 3:21; Joh 7:5), exhaustion in God's service (Joh 2:17), revilings and taunts of base men were the sufferings.

Psalms 69:10

psa 69:10

wept (and chastened) my soul--literally, "wept away my soul," a strongly figurative description of deep grief.

Psalms 69:12

psa 69:12

sit in the gate--public place (Pro 31:31).

Psalms 69:13

psa 69:13

With increasing reliance on God, he prays for help, describing his distress in the figures of Psa 69:1-2.

Psalms 69:16

psa 69:16

These earnest terms are often used, and the address to God, as indifferent or averse, is found in Psa 3:7; Psa 22:24; Psa 27:9, &c.

Psalms 69:19

psa 69:19

Calling God to witness his distress, he presents its aggravation produced by the want of sympathizing friends (compare Isa 63:5; Mar 14:50).

Psalms 69:21

psa 69:21

Instead of such, his enemies increase his pain by giving him most distasteful food and drink. The Psalmist may have thus described by figure what Christ found in reality (compare Joh 19:29-30).

Psalms 69:22

psa 69:22

With unimportant verbal changes, this language is used by Paul to describe the rejection of the Jews who refused to receive the Saviour (Rom 11:9-10). The purport of the figures used is that blessings shall become curses, the "table" of joy (as one of food) a "snare," their

welfare--literally, "peaceful condition," or security, a "trap." Darkened eyes and failing strength complete the picture of the ruin falling on them under the invoked retribution.

Psalms 69:23

psa 69:23

continually to shake--literally, "to swerve" or bend in weakness.

Psalms 69:24

psa 69:24

An utter desolation awaits them. They will not only be driven from their homes, but their homes--or, literally, "palaces," indicative of wealth--shall be desolate (compare Mat 23:38).

Psalms 69:26

psa 69:26

Though smitten of God (Isa 53:4), men were not less guilty in persecuting the sufferer (Act 2:23).

talk to the grief--in respect to, about it, implying derision and taunts.

wounded--or, literally, "mortally wounded."

Psalms 69:27

psa 69:27

iniquity--or, "punishment of iniquity" (Psa 40:12).

come . . . righteousness--partake of its benefits.

Psalms 69:28

psa 69:28

book of the living--or "life," with the next clause, a figurative mode of representing those saved, as having their names in a register (compare Exo 32:32; Isa 4:3).

Psalms 69:29

psa 69:29

poor and sorrowful--the afflicted pious, often denoted by such terms (compare Psa 10:17; Psa 12:5).

set me . . . high--out of danger.

Psalms 69:30

psa 69:30

Spiritual are better than mere material offerings (Psa 40:6; Psa 50:8); hence a promise of the former, and rather contemptuous terms are used of the latter.

Psalms 69:32

psa 69:32

Others shall rejoice. "Humble" and poor, as in Psa 69:29.

your heart, &c.--address to such (compare Psa 22:26).

Psalms 69:33

psa 69:33

prisoners--peculiarly liable to be despised.

Psalms 69:34

psa 69:34

The call on the universe for praise is well sustained by the prediction of the perpetual and extended blessings which shall come upon the covenant-people of God. Though, as usual, the imagery is taken from terms used of Palestine, the whole tenor of the context indicates that the spiritual privileges and blessings of the Church are meant.

Next: Psalms Chapter 71