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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 46

Psalms 46:1

psa 46:1

Upon Alamoth--most probably denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word meaning "virgins"; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed instrument (compare Ch1 15:19-21; see on Psa 6:1, title). The theme may be stated in LUTHER'S well-known words, "A mighty fortress is our God." The great deliverance (Kg2 19:35; Isa 37:36) may have occasioned its composition. (Psa 46:1-11)

refuge--literally, "a place of trust" (Psa 2:12).

strength-- (Psa 18:2).

present help--literally, "a help He has been found exceedingly."

trouble--as in Psa 18:7.

Psalms 46:2

psa 46:2

The most violent civil commotions are illustrated by the greatest physical commotions.

Psalms 46:3

psa 46:3

swelling--well represents the pride and haughtiness of insolent foes.

Psalms 46:4

psa 46:4

God's favor is denoted by a river (compare Psa 36:8; Zac 14:8; Rev 22:1).

city of God, the holy place--His earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Psa 2:6; Psa 3:4; Psa 20:2; Psa 48:2, &c.). God's favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is distributed to all parts of His Church.

most High--denoting His supremacy (Psa 17:2).

Psalms 46:5

psa 46:5

right early--literally, "at the turn of morning," or change from night to day, a critical time (Psa 30:5; compare Isa 37:36).

Psalms 46:6

psa 46:6

(Compare Psa 46:2).

earth melted--all powers dissolved by His mere word (Psa 75:3; Hos 2:22).

Psalms 46:7

psa 46:7

with us--on our side; His presence is terror to our enemies, safety to us.

refuge--high place (Psa 9:9; compare also Psa 24:6, Psa 24:10).

Psalms 46:8

psa 46:8

what desolations--literally, "who hath put desolations," destroying our enemies.

Psalms 46:9

psa 46:9

The usual weapons of war (Psa 7:12), as well as those using them, are brought to an end.

Psalms 46:10

psa 46:10

Be still, &c.--literally, "Leave off to oppose Me and vex My people. I am over all for their safety." (Compare Isa 2:11; Eph 1:22).

Next: Psalms Chapter 47