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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 35

Psalms 35:1

psa 35:1

The Psalmist invokes God's aid, contrasting the hypocrisy, cunning, and malice of his enemies with his integrity and generosity. The imprecations of the first part including a brief notice of their conduct, the fuller exposition of their hypocrisy and malice in the second, and the earnest prayer for deliverance from their scornful triumph in the last, are each closed (Psa 35:9-10, Psa 35:18, Psa 35:27-28) with promises of praise for the desired relief, in which his friends will unite. The historical occasion is probably 1Sa. 24:1-22. (Psa. 35:1-28)

God is invoked in the character of a warrior (Exo 15:3; Deu 32:41).

Psalms 35:3

psa 35:3

fight against--literally, "devour my devourers."

stop the way against--literally, "shut up" (the way), to meet or oppose, &c.

I . . . thy salvation--who saves thee.

Psalms 35:4

psa 35:4

(Compare Psa 9:17).

devise my hurt--purpose for evil to me.

Psalms 35:5

psa 35:5

(Compare Psa 1:4) --a terrible fate; driven by wind on a slippery path in darkness, and hotly pursued by supernatural violence (Sa2 24:16; Act 12:23).

Psalms 35:7

psa 35:7

net in a pit--or, "pit of their net"--or, "net-pit," as "holy hill" for "hill of holiness" (Psa 2:6); a figure from hunting (Psa 7:15). Their imprecations on impenitent rebels against God need no vindication; His justice and wrath are for such; His mercy for penitents. Compare Psa 7:16; Psa 11:5, on the peculiar fate of the wicked here noticed.

Psalms 35:10

psa 35:10

All my bones--every part.

him that spoileth him--(Compare Psa 10:2).

Psalms 35:11

psa 35:11

False witnesses--literally, "Witnesses of injustice and cruelty" (compare Psa 11:5; Psa 25:19).

Psalms 35:12

psa 35:12

Though they rendered evil for good, he showed a tender sympathy in their affliction.

spoiling--literally, "bereavement." The usual modes of showing grief are made, as figures, to express his sorrow.

Psalms 35:13

psa 35:13

prayer . . . bosom--may denote either the posture--the head bowed--(compare Kg1 18:42) --or, that the prayer was in secret. Some think there is a reference to the result--the prayer would benefit him if not them.

Psalms 35:14

psa 35:14

behaved--literally, "went on"--denoting his habit.

heavily--or, "squalidly," his sorrowing occasioning neglect of his person. Altogether, his grief was that of one for a dearly loved relative.

Psalms 35:15

psa 35:15

On the contrary, they rejoiced in his affliction. Halting, or, "lameness," as in Psa 38:17 for any distress.

abjects--either as cripples (compare Sa2 4:4), contemptible; or, degraded persons, such as had been beaten (compare Job 30:1-8).

I knew it not--either the persons, or, reasons of such conduct.

tear me, and ceased not--literally, "were not silent"--showing that the tearing meant slandering.

Psalms 35:16

psa 35:16

mockers--who were hired to make sport at feasts (Pro 28:21).

Psalms 35:17

psa 35:17

darling--(Compare Psa 22:20-21).

Psalms 35:18

psa 35:18

(Compare Psa 22:22).

Psalms 35:19

psa 35:19

enemies wrongfully--by false and slanderous imputations.

wink with the eye--an insulting gesture (Pro 6:13).

without a cause--manifests more malice than having a wrong cause.

Psalms 35:20

psa 35:20

deceitful matters--or, "words of deceit."

quiet in the land--the pious lovers of peace.

Psalms 35:21

psa 35:21

On the gesture compare Psa 22:7; and on the expressions of malicious triumph, compare Psa 10:13; Psa 28:3.

Psalms 35:23

psa 35:23

(Compare Psa 7:6; Psa 26:1; Th2 1:6). God's righteous government is the hope of the pious and terror of the wicked.

Psalms 35:25

psa 35:25

swallowed him up--utterly destroyed him (Psa 21:9; Lam 2:16).

Psalms 35:26

psa 35:26

clothed--covered wholly (Job 8:22).

Psalms 35:27

psa 35:27

favour . . . cause--delight in it, as vindicated by Thee.

Let the Lord, &c.--Let Him be greatly praised for His care of the just.

Psalms 35:28

psa 35:28

In this praise of God's equitable government (Psa 5:8) the writer promises ever to engage.

Next: Psalms Chapter 36