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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 21

Psalms 21:1

psa 21:1

The pious are led by the Psalmist to celebrate God's favor to the king in the already conferred and in prospective victories. The doxology added may relate to both Psalms; the preceding of petition, chiefly this of thanksgiving, ascribing honor to God for His display of grace and power to His Church in all ages, not only under David, but also under his last greatest successor, "the King of the Jews." (Psa 21:1-13)

thy strength . . . thy salvation--as supplied by Thee.

Psalms 21:2

psa 21:2

The sentiment affirmed in the first clause is reaffirmed by the negation of its opposite in the second.

Psalms 21:3

psa 21:3

preventest--literally, "to meet here in good sense," or "friendship" (Psa 59:10; compare opposite, Psa 17:13).

blessings of goodness--which confer happiness.

crown of pure gold--a figure for the highest royal prosperity.

Psalms 21:4

psa 21:4

(Compare Sa2 7:13-16). The glory and blessedness of the king as head of his line, including Christ, as well as in being God's specially selected servant, exceeded that of all others.

Psalms 21:6

psa 21:6

made him most blessed--or set him "to be blessings," as Abraham (Gen 12:2).

with thy countenance--by sight of thee (Psa 16:11), or by Thy favor expressed by the light of Thy countenance (Num 6:25), or both.

Psalms 21:7

psa 21:7

The mediate cause is the king's faith, the efficient, God's mercy.

Psalms 21:8

psa 21:8

The address is now made to the king.

hand--denotes power, and

right hand--a more active and efficient degree of its exercise.

find out--reach, lay hold of, indicating success in pursuit of his enemies.

Psalms 21:9

psa 21:9

The king is only God's agent.

anger--literally, "face," as appearing against them.

as a fiery oven--as in it.

Psalms 21:10

psa 21:10

fruit--children (Psa 37:25; Hos 9:16).

Psalms 21:11

psa 21:11

This terrible overthrow, reaching to posterity, is due to their crimes (Exo 20:5-6).

Psalms 21:12

psa 21:12

turn their back--literally, "place them [as to the] shoulder."

against the face of them--The shooting against their faces would cause them to turn their backs in flight.

Psalms 21:13

psa 21:13

The glory of all is ascribable to God alone.

Next: Psalms Chapter 22