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A Commentary, Critical, Practical, and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments, by Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset and David Brown [1882] at

Psalms Chapter 4

Psalms 4:1

psa 4:1

On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of musical accompaniment. On other parts of title, see Introduction., The historical occasion was probably the same as that of the foregoing [see on Psa 3:1]. The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his enemies of the vanity of attacking God's servant, exhorts them to repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God's favor. (Psa 4:1-8)

Hear--as in Psa 3:4.

God of my righteousness--or, "my righteous God, as my holy hill" (Psa 2:6), who will act towards me on righteous principles.

thou hast enlarged--expresses relief afforded in opposition to "distress," which is expressed by a word denoting straits or pressure. Past favor is a ground of hope for the future.

Psalms 4:2

psa 4:2

sons of men--men of note or prominence (compare Ch2 21:9).

turn my glory--or, "royal dignity."

into shame--or, "reproach."

vanity--a foolish and hopeless enterprise (Psa 2:1).

leasing--a lie.

Psalms 4:3

psa 4:3

godly--an object as well as subject of divine favor (compare Psa 105:14-15).

Psalms 4:4

psa 4:4

Stand in awe-- (Eph 4:26), from Septuagint, "be angry." Both clauses are qualified by "not."

Psalms 4:5

psa 4:5

Not only repent, but manifest penitence by sacrifices or righteousness or righteous sacrifices, &c.

Psalms 4:6

psa 4:6

Contrast true with vain confidence.

light of thy countenance upon us--figure for favor (Num 6:26; Psa 44:3; Psa 81:16).

Psalms 4:7

psa 4:7

corn and wine--literally, "new corn and wine."

increased--an abundant harvest giving great joy (Isa 9:3).

Psalms 4:8

psa 4:8

both lay me down, &c.--or, will lie down at once, and sleep in sure confidence and quiet repose (Psa 3:5).

Next: Psalms Chapter 5