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The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, [1599], at

1 Kings (1 Samuel) Chapter 31

1 Kings (1 Samuel) 31:4

sa1 31:4

Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, (a) Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

(a) So we see that his cruel life has a desperate end, as is commonly seen in those who persecute the children of God.

1 Kings (1 Samuel) 31:7

sa1 31:7

And when the men of Israel that [were] on the other side of the (b) valley, and [they] that [were] on the other side (c) Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

(b) Near to Gilboa.

(c) The tribes of Reuben and Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh.

1 Kings (1 Samuel) 31:9

sa1 31:9

And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to (d) publish [it in] the house of their idols, and among the people.

(d) In token of victory and triumph.

1 Kings (1 Samuel) 31:11

sa1 31:11

And when the inhabitants of (e) Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;

(e) Whom he had delivered from their enemies, (Sa1 11:11).

1 Kings (1 Samuel) 31:13

sa1 31:13

And they took their bones, and buried [them] under a tree at Jabesh, and (f) fasted seven days.

(f) According to the custom of mourners.

Next: 2 Kings (2 Samuel) Chapter 1