The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, , at sacred-texts.com
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:1
sa1 13:1Saul reigned (a) one year; and when he had reigned (b) two years over Israel,
(a) While these things were done.
(b) Before he took upon himself the state of a king.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:3
sa1 13:3And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that [was] in (c) Geba, and the Philistines heard [of it]. And Saul blew the (d) trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
(c) Of Kirjath-jearim, where the ark was, (Sa1 10:5).
(d) That everyone should prepare themselves to fight.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:5
sa1 13:5And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which [is] on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from (e) Bethaven.
(e) Which was also called Beth-el, in the tribe of Benjamin.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:7
sa1 13:7And [some of] the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of (f) Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he [was] yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
(f) Where the two tribes and the half remained.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:8
sa1 13:8And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel [had appointed]: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were (g) scattered from him.
(g) Thinking that the absence of the prophet was a sign, that they would lose the victory.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:11
sa1 13:11And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were (h) scattered from me, and [that] thou camest not within the days appointed, and [that] the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;
(h) Though these causes seem sufficient in man's judgment: yet because they had not the word of God, they turned to his destruction.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:13
sa1 13:13And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy (i) God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
(i) Who willed you to obey him, and rest on the words spoken by his prophet.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:14
sa1 13:14But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a (k) man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him [to be] captain over his people, because thou hast not kept [that] which the LORD commanded thee.
(k) That is, David.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:15
sa1 13:15And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto (l) Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people [that were] present with him, about six hundred men.
(l) And went to his city Ramah.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:18
sa1 13:18And another company turned the way [to] Bethhoron: and (m) another company turned [to] the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
(m) So that to man's judgment these three armies would have overrun the whole country.
1 Kings (1 Samuel) 13:22
sa1 13:22So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither (n) sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that [were] with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
(n) To declare that the victory only came from God, and not by their force.