The Geneva Bible Translation Notes, , at sacred-texts.com
psa 54:1"To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us?" Save me, O God, (a) by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.
(a) He declares that when all means fail, God will deliver even by miracle, they who call to him with an upright conscience.
psa 54:3For (b) strangers are risen up against me, and (c) oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.
(b) That is, the Ziphims.
(c) Saul and his army who were like cruel beasts, could not be satisfied except by his death.
psa 54:4Behold, God [is] mine helper: the Lord [is] with (d) them that uphold my soul.
(d) No matter how few, as he was with Jonathan.
psa 54:5He shall reward evil unto mine enemies: cut them off in thy (e) truth.
(e) According to your faithful promise for my defence.
psa 54:6I will (f) freely sacrifice unto thee: I will praise thy name, O LORD; for [it is] good.
(f) For hypocrites serve God out of fear or on conditions.
psa 54:7For he hath delivered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath (g) seen [his desire] upon mine enemies.
(g) We may lawfully rejoice for God's judgments against the wicked, if our affections are pure.